CATTLE

AFRIKANER
ANGUS
ANKOLE
BEEFALO
BEEFMASTER
BELGIAN BLUE
BELTED GALLOWAY
BLONDE D'AQUI
BONSMARA
BORAN
BRAFORD
BRAHMAN
BRANGUS
BRAUNVIEH
BRITISH WHITE
BUELINGO
CHAROLAIS
CHIANGUS
CHIANINA
COMMERCIAL
CORRIENTE
DEVON
DEXTER
GALLOWAY
GELBVIEH
GIR
HEREFORD
HYBRIDMASTER

BRITISH WHITE


The white cattle with the black points. 

The British White cow is of moderate size, 1000 to 1200 pounds.

British White History - Explored and Defended
"In the forest laws of King Canute (A.D. 1014-1035), wild cattle are thus referred to: "There are also a great number of cattle which, although they live within the limits of the forest, and are subject to the charge and care of the middle sort of men, or Regardors, nevertheless cannot at all be reputed beasts of the forest as wild horses, bubali (wild bulls), wild cows, and the like." " Wild, White Cattle" (p.36)by James Edmund Harting (c.1880)

The purpose of this project was to explore the ancient history of Britain's white park cattle and clarify the relationship between the horned White Park and the polled White Park which was given the breed name British White in 1946, upon the formation of the British White Cattle Society. As a breeder of polled British White cattle I've often been asked "What is the difference?" I couldn't answer and found myself stumbling, as I knew Britain's White Park Cattle Society declares no relationship to the polled British White, yet the information currently available in essays and articles on the polled British White and the horned White Park reflects much of the same lore and legend.

They share this lore and legend because both varieties of park cattle were present in the British Isles since 'time immemorial'. In Wild, White Cattle" (p.36) by James Edmund Harting (c.1880), it is clear that at the onset of the Middle Ages there were polled herds, horned herds with a variety of shape and length, herds with both red and black color points, and herds with both wild and tame disposition.

The distinguishing trait today that separates the two varieties is the presence of horns, and secondary to horns would be the disposition of the animal, and those same traits have existed for hundreds of years, the difference today is our 21st century need to peg this wonderful bovine into two distinct breeds.

Within the existing horned White Park herds in the UK, there are animals of both wild and tame disposition. However, the horned Chillingham herd of White Park cattle is considered to be representative of the true feral white park animal, and DNA testing is said to show these Chillingham animals as distinct from any other European breed. The Chillingham cattle continue to live in their native habitat and the introduction of new blood is said to be minimal to non-existent.

Unfortunately, many historians and breeders key in on this DNA report and presume that all horned white park cattle are proven distinct from the polled British White. I believe this is an error of enormous consequence that will one day be corrected. There is no pubic data that identifies the lineage of the British White animals that were used for the basis of these tests, but most assuredly the horned Chillingham White Park that was tested was an animal of the most exceedingly closed genetics.

I was surprised to learn that there are Galloway's that are white with black points, and considering the genetic dominance. . .

Although there is strong evidence that the White Galloway and White Park patterns are due to the tyrosinase gene, the mutation does not occur in the coding portion of the gene and therefore no DNA test has been developed. This temperature sensitive expression of pigment, like that of the Siamese cat, is inherited as a dominant. If a rancher breeds 7 non-white cows and obtains 7 white calves, there is a 99% chance that the sire is homozygous for this trait. DNA Tests for Cattle - Dr. Sheila Schmutz

. . . .of the polled British White (pre 1946 White Park) markings it could be easily surmised that at some point in time the British White was bred into the Galloway, and I would instinctively surmise this occurred well before the modern days of 1960. I would have thought the odd white Galloway would be found more closely linked to the British White judging from simply the look of these ancient polled cattle and their docile nature and the dominance of the white park markings once introduced into a breed.

However, per the EEAP Genetic Data Bank in Hannover, Germany, the Galloway breed, along with the Whitebred Shorthorn and the Fjall were introduced into the British White breed some time subsequent to 1960. (Introduction of other breeds was done to the extent necessary to build up the existing herds of polled British White, for which we can all be thankful.

The Whitebread Shorthorn was used in the Woodbastwick herd in a documented, minimal effort -- why this would result in a perceived negative action by those who breed the ancient polled white park (now the British White) and those who purport to have the mission of preserving ancient breeds is a puzzle.

I find it a disservice to the breed to key in on post-1960 breeding efforts to build up the numbers of the ancient polled white park cattle. The polled variety of the white park cattle was considered superior by this elder cattleman of the UK in the early 20th century. Do you think the excellence "since time immemorial" of the polled white park animals referred to by this gentleman was the product of unrecorded 19th or 20th century efforts to create a superior polled white park animal? I think not.... exploration of the ancient records which reference these cattle bear that out.

Sir Claud Alexander, owner of the Faygate herd, writing in the 1912 "Amateur Menagerie Club" Year Book says:"I would, however, strongly advise anyone who may think of forming a herd to go to the polled variety for his foundation stock, for they have been kept from time immemorial for their milk and beef producing qualities, and right well do they justify their existence... The Somerford cows are excellent milkers and one of mine averages five gallons a day when in full profit.

In addition to this they are big heavy beasts and give a good return from the butcher when their milking days are over.... Mr Quinton Gurney's herd at Northrepps Hall is a thoroughly practical one, for on it devolves the task of keeping the town of Cromer supplied with milk. At Woodbastwick too, some grand milkers are to be found, and here great attention is paid to beef producing powers, as the records of the local fat stock shows frequently testify... If anyone who reads these notes and feels inclined to form a herd will communicate with me, I shall be pleased to supply any information that may be required."

Having explored many references to date, I now am confident that the polled British White cattle are not only descended from the original white park cattle, but all the original white park cattle, horned or polled, date back to the Bronze Age and beyond. Most breeds of cattle can't be dated accurately before the 17th century. This breed is an exception.

Thanks to the scholarly efforts of old we are able to look into the past and see this uniquely beautiful "hornless and tame variety of the wild white breed" grazing green pastures and filling a pale with abundant milk. Please note that both the British White and White Park can have red ears and nose, etc... The black points are predominant in British White and White Park herds, but the occasional perfectly marked red-eared animal is still born and is registered in both the British and the American associations.

The oldest references cited below speak of milk white cattle with red ears. Given the rarity of this occurrence now and presuming it to have been equally rare in days of old, it is easily arguable that the very rarity of the red markings made them special and thus worthy of inclusion in the oral histories that have survived thousands of years.

PLEASE REMEMBER:: Until 1946 in the United Kingdom, all varieties of white park cattle with black or red points were referred to as "white park cattle". So references in this work and in others to the "ancient wild, white park cattle" refer to all varieties of the breed until the formal separation in 1946 of the polled White Park breeders into the British White Cattle Society. Keep in mind that that 'wild' is not indicative of feral, but rather of freedom from human domestication and intervention.

There are various statements as to how the 'park cattle' came to the British Isles; who brought them, if anyone; when they arrived; or whether they are indigenous to the British Isles. Those statements will be explored in the body of this work. A little time spent with "HOW THE SUNGOD REACHED AMERICA" will enlighten anyone who is inclined to explore how far back in time man may have assisted the migrations of breeds of cattle in the world.

This highly interesting work should also be considered in the context of the ancient Druids that were integral to the ancient Celtic cultures of Britain, Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and France - and whom some scholars believe are responsible for the building of Britain's Stonehenge and Ireland's Newgrange.

I suspect that many of the UK horned white park cattle with black or red points that cling to the White Park designation are milky, beefy, and docile, as is a polled British White, and I offer the opinion that if in fact the British White bears no genetic kinship with the ancient wild, white Chillingham cattle , then the ancient literature explored below is making reference to the polled white park animal we now know as British White, and firmly establishes their descent from one of the earliest recorded domestic cattle breeds in the British Isles.

I've found no references thus far in ancient Celtic Bronze Age literary texts to the hunting of wild, "white cattle with red points", but rather to the milking, the grazing, the leading to slaughter of white cattle with red points that are obviously highly regarded livestock, and quite obviously docile either from domestication or by the innate nature of the animals. There are references to wild bulls in general, with no reference to color, as in the following:

" . . .and when the wild bull saw a man coming towards him he drove his horns into the ground, and put an acre of land over his own back." Myths and Folklore of Ireland Fin MacCumbail and Gilla na Grakin

The earliest recorded mention of white cattle with red points is found in the Táin Bó Cuailnge (The Tain), aka The Cattle Raid of Cooley. "The Tain is considered the oldest vernacular epic in western European literature. The earliest versions were written down in the Irish monasteries of Bangor in County Down and Dromsnat in County Monaghan in the eighth century" (1), but it had a long oral existence among the Celtics of Ireland before being committed to paper.

Central to the story is 'a great white bull' that many sources cite as the breed now known as White Park. Besides the great white bull, there is another passage in a prelude story to 'The Tain' that involves the milking of 'three white cows with red ears'. If in fact the horned White Park is genetically distinct from the polled British White, then I would contend that the cows referred to in this passage are the docile, polled British White animal we know today.

"Historians are increasingly of the view that behind the 'The Tain' are real events, in particular the advance of the Gaelic conquerors from Connaught against the pre-Gaelic rulers of Ulster."(1) Further, it is now believed that the Celts migrated to the British Isles long before 500 BCE, thus this battle could have taken place many centuries prior. If that is the case, then the events being referred to in this story place the "great white bull" and the "white cows with red ears" in existence in the British Isles well more than 2500 hundred years ago.

There are many other references in ancient texts that speak of the "hornless and tame variety of the wild white breed" we now call British White. The earliest mention of them is by the Celtics, as in the Cattle Raid of Cooley mentioned above and other Druidic tales where the milk-white cow figures prominently. There were also certain divination rituals of the Druids (Celtic priesthood explored below) that required the sacrifice of white bulls that found their way from oral legend into print. The following is an example and one can easily infer they were domesticated, tame 'milk-white' bulls :

When the new year approached, the Druids beset themselves to discover this plant (mistletoe) upon an oak, on which tree it they marched by night with great solemnity towards the spot, inviting all to join their procession with these words: The New Year is at hand: let us gather the mistletoe.

First marched the Ovades in their green sacrificial robes leading two milk-white bullocks. Next came the bards singing the praises of the Mighty Essence, in raiment blue as the heavens to which their hymn ascended. Then a herald clothed in white with two wings drooping down on each side of his head, and a branch of vervain in his hand encircled by two serpents.

He was followed by three Derwydd--one of whom carried the sacrificial bread--another a vase of water-and the third a white wand. Lastly, the Arch-Druid, distinguished by the tuft or tassel to his cap, by the bands hanging from his throat, by the scepter in his hand and by the golden crescent on his breast, surrounded by the whole body of the Derwydd and humbly followed by the noblest warriors of the land.

An altar of rough stones was erected under the oak, and the Arch-Druid, having sacramentally distributed the bread and wine, would climb the tree, cut the mistletoe with a golden knife, wrap it in a pure white cloth, slay and sacrifice the bullocks, and pray to God to remove his curse from barren women, and to permit their medicines to serve as antidotes for poisons and charms from all misfortunes. Mysteries of the Druids (1861) W. Winwood Reade

The origins of druidism have been argued about for centuries. In Julius Ceasar's writings we find "The Druidic doctrine is believed to have been found existing in Britain. . ."(Caesar, De Bellum Gallico, book 6). He gave us a picture of Celtic life in the last century BC that is dominated by the Druids. There are statements from some sources that the Romans "exterminated" the Druids, and the final battle was at Llyn Cerrig Bach, Anglesey Island, Wales .

They weren't completely exterminated as there is mention of them in 4th century accounts of Christianizing Ireland. [Some sources state that the Roman's brought the white 'park cattle' to the British Isles, but others indicate the only cattle used by the Romans were dark breeds. From the ancient oral stories of the Druids, we know the white cattle were present before the arrival of the Romans.]

Most scholars now believe that the Druids were present before the arrival of the Celts, and that they are the pre-historic, indigenous inhabitants of Britain. Celts were at one time a pervasive culture in Western Europe, yet the importance of the Druids and their sacred white cattle is largely unique to Ireland, Wales, Britain, and France, which is pertinent to the discussion of whether the white cattle with red points were indigenous to the British Isles. When the Celts came to the British Isles they adopted the religious customs and rites of the native Druids. The unifying bond between all the Celtic tribes was their common priesthood, the Druids.

Their efforts preserved common culture, religion, history, laws, scholarship, and science. They were a separate social class of the highest standing in Celtic society, which no doubt made them a target of the Romans. With the onset of Christianity, druidism was not acceptable; it was viewed as pagan. Nonetheless, many aspects of druidism were incorporated into Christianity to appease the Celtic people, and they remain part of organized religion today.

An example follows:
"Life of St. Brigid": "she gets the land for her shrine and abbey from an avaricious bishop by getting him to swear that she can have as much land as her cloak will cover. Although he thinks he's got the best of the bargain, he doesn't know Brigid is a goddess, whose lore tells that she hung her cloak on the sun's rays to dry.

When she threw out her cloak, it spread in glittering billows for acres, and her sacred place was thus preserved. Perhaps Brigid's most clever trick was to transform herself from a goddess into a Christian saint, thus assuring that the very Church opposing Irish paganism would perpetuate her tales and lore."

Below are some interesting excerpts from ancient texts that further describe the white cattle and establish their existence and their domestication for millennia:
:
". . . she milked the three white cows with red ears." Cuchulain of Muirthemne (Also part of The Tain)
". . . a perfectly white cow with red ears, and boil it down in a lump." Morgan's Frenzy
". . . insisted on getting seven hundred white cows with red ears. . ." The Progress of the Wicked Band
". . . when the milk-white bull with gilded horns. . ." The Georgics of Virgil (c.29 BCE)

(Click here for additional links to other texts that speak of the white cattle.)


The cattle referred to in these passages are most likely the ancient ancestors of the domesticated British White herd of today. Obviously, the cows referred to in the above quotes were not ferocious. Also, one can surmise that they were not all horned. The term "milk-white" is found several times in the ancient texts. Thus far, I've not found any text that mentions black ears.

The best examples of cattle within the British White breed are milk-white; the best examples of Ancient White Park as seen in photographs are simply white, not the striking milk-white of the British White. Here is one additional passage from a lovely Welsh fairy tale that makes possible reference to the Dynevwr herd of white cattle that date back to the 10th century AD.

". . . with the white bull from the court of the King . . . Dynevwr Castles. . ." The Lady of the Lake

Notice the reference is simply to a "white bull", no mention of the color points nor the horns. Yet we know that in Wales the Dynevwr herd continues today, and it is white with colored points and considered a critical source for horned Ancient White Park genetics.

This lends support to the belief that the cattle referred to in the passages cited are British White/White Park animals despite the fact that the references thus far found do not speak of black ears. However, the fact that the Dynevwr herd is now focused on breeding the Ancient White Park clouds the issue of British White vs.

White Park animals being described in old texts, unless you accept the existence of the "hornless and tame variety of the wild white breed" in days of old as well as the horned, ferocious white variety, which may have been present at Dynevwr as well. Furthermore, the use of a polled sire would produce polled offspring, as the polled gene is said to be dominant in a cross with a horned gene (to be confirmed), and it is certainly possible that this would have occurred at Dynevwr.

Also consider this additional Dynevwr refererence,"From at least the tenth century white cattle were paid in tribute to the Welsh lord of Deheubarth (Deheubarth est. 920 A.D.) by those seeking his pardon." Obviously, these were not feral white cattle being paid in tribute.

Hadrian's Wall was built in the 2nd century AD by the Romans to establish a barrier between Roman Britain and the native Picts and Scots who lived in the northern highland areas of Britain. This wall established the southern boundary of what is known as the Caledonian Forest , from which many of the surviving herds of wild, white cattle originated. Hadrian's Wall served to protect the Celtic culture and the native wildlife in northern Britain from the Romans, the Anglo-Saxon invaders, and later from the Norman's.

Rome abandoned Britain in the 5th century, and life in the British Isles was forever changed. The breakdown of Roman law and civilization was fairly swift after the Roman army departed in 410 AD. To counter the raids from continental pirates, Picts and Scots towns would bring in mercenaries from Europe to defend them from attack. These mercenary soldiers were Angles and Saxons from northern Germany, who apparently rather liked Britain, and they slowly colonized northwards and westwards, pushing the native Celts to the fringes of Britain. Roman Britain was thus replaced by Anglo Saxon Britain, with the Celtic peoples remaining in Cornwall, Wales and Scotland. (Anglo-Saxon Era Reference ) Ireland was never conquered by the Romans and the evolution of this region's Celtic culture was not significantly influenced by other peoples until the onset of Viking raids in the 9th century AD.

"In the forest laws of King Canute (A.D. 1014-1035), wild cattle are thus referred to: "There are also a great number of cattle which, although they live within the limits of the forest, and are subject to the charge and care of the middle sort of men, or Regardors, nevertheless cannot at all be reputed beasts of the forest as wild horses, bubali (wild bulls), wild cows, and the like." " Wild, White Cattle" (p.36)by James Edmund Harting (c.1880)

[Some British White histories speculate that the breed was introduced to the British Isles by the Vikings in the 8th or 9th century. Vikings from Denmark and Sweden came to the British Isles in overlapping time-frames between the 8th and 12th centuries. They came first as raiders and slavers, later as settlers and farmers, and lastly as traders. By the beginning of the 10th century there were established Viking settlements in Wales and other regions of the British Isles.

Considering the previously explored ancient Druid descriptions of milk-white cows with red ears that mirror the early 13th century description of the Dynevwr herd, and the fact that the ancient Druid legends of Ireland were written down in the 8th century, prior to the onset of the Viking raids in Ireland, it is my opinion that this is incorrect.]

In 1066 AD the Normans invaded Britain and William the Conqueror was declared King. This event marks the beginning of the period referred to as the Middle Ages. The existing nobility were stripped of their land and their rank and the new king granted land to new nobles, including higher churchmen such as bishops and abbots. " In 1079, William "afforested" the area (brought it under Forest Law).

In common with other large areas within the country, Forest Law imposed a kingdom within a kingdom, where the few inhabitants were subjected to draconian laws to preserve, increase and protect game of all species. Twenty-one Forests were established by William." He justified his actions by claiming it was a continuation of Anglo Saxon tradition that the forests were for the pleasure of the King. The Anglo Saxon King Canute did claim some forest as the crown's, but nothing so vast as that clamed by William. Some historians tell us that many entire villages were wiped out by William in the establishment of Forest Law.

". . . in the formation of which he (William) is said by Odericus Vitalis, "to have laid waste more than sixty parishes, compelling the inhabitants to emigrate to other places, and substituting beasts of the chase for human beings, that he might satisfy his ardour for hunting." The Ancient History of Sherwood Forest

But at the same time other sources indicate 'common inhabitants' of this forest were allowed to turn their livestock out into the 'waste' as they were not allowed to build walls that might obstruct the free roam of the King's game. The culture, the people, and the forests of Wales and modern-day Scotland were again largely protected from the Norman pillage thanks to Hadrian's Wall (122 AD) to the north that continued to establish a protective boundary for modern-day Scotland and Offa's Dyke (est. 9th century) to the west that separated Wales from Southern England.

". . . All of them were milk white except for their red ears." The Barons de Brause (early 13th century)

These forests abounded with wildlife, and it is said the nobility secured the boundaries of their land "within a pale, haye, or wall", with the game and wild animals they contained, or with others driven in, and these enclosures became parks. Within the native mix of wildlife in these parks were herds of white cattle so wild they were hunted as game. It is from these "ferocious" wild, white park cattle that were the object of the hunt that the best examples of the Ancient White Park of today has most likely descended.

The Chillingham herd remains in it's native habitat today. In the USA, the BBar Ranch has a herd of Ancient White Park with black points. If you look closely at photos of both herds and open your mind, you will see the that they are of a distinctly different character than the British White. That difference in character is reflected in the lengthy flight zone of the true Ancient White Park. Obviously, these were not the white cows with red points that ancient literature holds in such high regard, or the white cows with red ears of the 10th to 13th century discussed above.

These wild, white cattle most certainly could not be yoked to a plow or milked, or easily herded to a new owner in payment of tribute or debt.

As to why the different varieties of white 'park cattle' roamed wild in the forests of Britain in the Middle Ages we can only speculate. The Ancient White Park variety was likely never domesticated. Many events in history could provide explanation -- the extermination of the Druids who raised and revered them; the quashing of the Celtic culture in much of Britain; or perhaps there is some old kernel of truth in this Welsh fairy tale about a magical milk-white cow and the disappearance of her and her "particoloured" offspring into the dark waters of a lake.

It's apparent in recorded history that the wild, white cattle were never present in large numbers as compared to the dark breeds. This is just yet another instance where the passage of time contrives to almost lose to us some of our rarer moments and species. British White cattle are perhaps the most docile breed of beef cattle on the earth, many having no flight zone from humans. At times it seems almost magical.

In the course of time from the 11th century to 16th century Britain, the British White breed continued to be revered as evidenced by this passage:

". . . on pain of forfeit for every penny . . . a white bull with red nose and red ears."
Wroth Money - Ceremony at Knightlow Cross

Also of interest here is this is yet another reference to a white animal with red points many centuries after their first mention in Druid legend. This begs the question of why the black points dominate this breed today. This 'wroth money' ceremony was last performed on November 11, 1892 and it is believed to have been a tradition well more than a thousand years. (November 11, St Martin’s Day, is the eve of the old Celtic Samhain when the cattle were brought down from the hills for winter and the excess stock were slaughtered". )

We know that at different points in time the numbers of these cattle have been dangerously low and concerted efforts were made to preserve the breeds. Could it be that the the herds with red points suffered more during periods of disease or drought merely by happenstance? Or could it be that the appearance of a white cow with red points was as equally rare in the Bronze Age and beyond as it is today, and thus they were singled out as special in the legends, traditions, and histories of old. Update:

In Welsh stories the fairy cows are described as either white or speckled, so one can infer that they were white and speckled with another color. British White cattle often have speckles of black spots across their shoulders. Further, Mr. Harting gives us this old description of the Somerford herd which includes ". . . Like all other old herds of the forest breed, they have a strong tendency to produce small black spots on the neck, sides, and legs, and this the proprietors admire and encourage; many of them have therefore become more or less speckled."

In the past century and more there were enormous efforts made in the UK to increase the few remaining herds of the ancient polled white park cattle (British White), and the excellent results of those efforts are in the USA, Australia, and other countries across the globe. To bring the British White history to the 20th century, I use again this old informative excerpt:

Sir Claud Alexander, owner of the Faygate herd, writing in the 1912 "Amateur Menagerie Club" Year Book says:"I would, however, strongly advise anyone who may think of forming a herd to go to the polled variety for his foundation stock, for they have been kept from time immemorial for their milk and beef producing qualities, and right well do they justify their existence...

The Somerford cows are excellent milkers and one of mine averages five gallons a day when in full profit. In addition to this they are big heavy beasts and give a good return from the butcher when their milking days are over.... Mr Quinton Gurney's herd at Northrepps Hall is a thoroughly practical one, for on it devolves the task of keeping the town of Cromer supplied with milk. At Woodbastwick too, some grand milkers are to be found, and here great attention is paid to beef producing powers, as the records of the local fat stock shows frequently testify...

If anyone who reads these notes and feels inclined to form a herd will communicate with me, I shall be pleased to supply any information that may be required."

What I find most interesting is the casual inference that the polled variety has better milk and beef producing qualities and has from "time immemorial". The domesticated white park cattle (British White) from the days of the Druids should have better milk and beef producing qualities than the Ancient White Park. A few years after the excerpt above was printed, the Park Cattle Society was formed in the UK, which encompassed both horned and polled examples of the breed. In 1946 the group split and the polled "white park" animal became formally known as a British White and the British White Cattle Society in the UK was formed.

Through their efforts the polled British White has risen from numbers so low as to be listed a rare breed, to it's status now as a minority breed. Their numbers will continue to grow as this beautiful, docile animal becomes more broadly known across the world as the breed that delivers all that an owner can wish for in health, longevity, fertility, milk, and beef.

(1) BBC - The Cattle Raid of Cooley - Up to AD 200

Author's Note: The opinions expressed in this work are mine at this writing. As research into the history of the white cattle of the British Isles continues, this work will be updated to reflect any new information found or changes in opinion. .

Copyright @ January 3, 2004, Jimmie Lynn West, All Rights Reserved

 

BREEDS

HIGHLAND
KASHIVI/ KAVANGO
LIMOUSIN
MAINE ANJOU
MARCHIGIANA
MINIATURE
MURRAY GREY
NGUNI
NORMANDE
PIEDMONTESE
PINZGAUER
POLLED HEREFORD
RED ANGUS
RED BRANGUS
RED POLL
ROMAGNOLA
SALERS
SANTA GERTRUDIS
SENEPOL
SHORTHORN
SIMBRAH
SIMMENTAL
SOUTH DEVON
TARENTAISE
TEXAS LONGHORN
TULI
WAGYU
WATUSI
ZEBU