RED PIED FRIESIAN
RED POLLED ØSTLAND
The breed from the past for
Nguni cattle are a sub-type of the African Sanga
cattle associated with the pastrolist cattle culture of the Negro/Bantu
people of Africa. Protein analyses indicate that they have characteristics
of both Bos Taurus and Bos Indicus cattle.
Physiologically they have charateristics that
place them apart from both types. What is certain is that they have
been shaped by natural selection in the African environment for thousands
The ancestors of the present day Nguni of
South Africa were brought into the country by the southward migration
of the Khoi people from the central lakes area of Africa. These cattle
are still found wherever the decendants of the original groups of
the Nguni tribe settled, namely Swaziland, Zululand and Mozambique.
The Nguni was originally, and indeed still
is, a draft animal. Under sound management conditions it is becoming
increasingly popular as a beef breed.
The areas where Nguni cattle occur are climatically
the most harsh and disease-ridden tracts of Africa. These areas are
prone to droughts and other realities that mother nature can throw
at us from time to time.
Nguni cattle have the following qualities,
characteristics and traits:
Apart from the area where the Nguni occur naturally
there are some 140 registered breeders owning 1,400 registered cattle.
- They are not large cattle with bulls weighing
500-700kg (~1100-1550 lbs.) and cows weighing 320-440kg (~700-975
lbs.). Calves wean at approximately 175kg (~385 lbs.) and grow at
0.70 kg (~1.55 lbs) per day until weaning.
- The bulls have well developed, rounded cervio-thoracic
humps which are muscular rather than fatty. The cows have small
almost non existant humps.
- The cattle are heat and light tolerant and
have thick pigmented skins covered with fine short hair of different
mixtures of colour (Black, white, red, brown, cream and dun).
- They have long productive lives, cows will
produce 10 or more calves calving regularly. The cows show great
efficiency and often wean calves that weigh 45-50% of their body
- Nguni cattle are less prone to dystocia,
this being ascribed to their sloping rumps, small uterus and low
- They develop excellent resistance to ticks
and immunity to tick borne diseases. Disease incidence and mortality
- They are excellent foragers and will graze
and browse on steep slopes and in thick bush alike.
- Finished carcasses dress out at roughly
180-220 kg (~400-500 lbs). Marbling is good with a thin covering
- Nguni fatten well on natural grazing as
well as in the feedlot.
- The historical development of the Nguni
has resulted in a breed with good temperament and mothering ability.
Copyright © 1997, 2002. Oklahoma
State University Board of Regents. All rights reserved.
RUSSIAN BLACK PIED
SWEDISH RED POLLED